Patent & Miscellaneous
Center Fire Pistol
Center Fire Rifle
British Pistol and Rifle
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A group of .44-77 Sharps/Remington
Here is a group of .44-77 cartridges for various Sharps Sporting rifles and
the Remington No. 3 and Hepburn rifles. These use a 2 1/4" case
introduced by Sharps, and an assortment of sizes and shapes of paper patched bullets. The
standard powder charge was 77 grains, but by reducing the depth that the
bullet was seated in the case, a charge as high as 90 grains could be used.
The first two cartridges were made by E. Remington & Sons, the first having
a rounded, unheadstamped head, and the second with a stepped head bearing
one of several variations of the company headstamps. This second cartridge
is probably one of the 90 grain loads. The third cartridge was made by the
Union Metallic Cartridge Company. Its folded, stepped head and large Berdan
primer will also be found on the cartridges made by (or for) the Sharps
Rifle Co and on early Winchester cartridges. The fourth cartridge closely
resembles the one by UMC, but was made by Winchester, which used the Berdan
primer during the mid-1870s. The last two cartridges are also by Winchester,
the first having the early, small headstamp, and the second having an
unusual thick, square edge rim with a larger headstamp.
The .442 centerfire revolver cartridge........
is an assortment of .442 revolver cartridges, manufactured in England and
Europe. Developed in the late 1860s for the Tranter revolver, it was soon
chambered in Webley and Enfield revolvers. This is essentially the same
cartridge that was manufactured in the United States beginning about 1875 as
the .44 Webley. The cartridges in the picture include: an early two-piece
case by Eley Brothers, London, with the separate rim attached to the body of
the case by the rivet-like primer; a later production Eley example; two by
Kynoch, including a green plaid shot load; a German example by R.W.S. of
Nuremberg; and one made for the Liege, Belgium gun dealer V. Francotte-May &
Company by an unknown maker.
An uncommon .22 short rimfire box.....
Even with one end flap missing, edges split and flaked, and those not
quite transparent pieces of tape across one end of the top label and down
the remaining end flap, I believe this battered United States Cartridge
Company smokeless .22 short rimfire box is still a keeper. The box dates
from 5 or so years either side of 1910, during the company's US in a circle
trade mark period. As indicated in various locations, the cartridges in the
box were intended for 'gallery' or 'target' use, and were loaded with a
'special' bullet with 'no grease'. As the box is empty, I haven't a clue
what made the bullets so special, but I suspect they may have been smooth
belted bullets rather than the grooved bullets that
are typically found .22 rimfires. If anyone knows anything about the US
Cartridge Company's special .22 bullets that would have been in this box,
I'd appreciate being enlightened.
A U.S. Cartridge Company primer tin......
I collect primarily single cartridges and boxes, but I also pick up a
primer tin now and then when I find one I don't already have or am not
familiar with. Typically, the tins I run across are products of Winchester
or UMC; rarely do I see one made by the United States Cartridge Company,
such as this New No. 1 primer tin. In fact, I have around 50 primer tins in
the collection, and this is the only one I have by this company. The tin is
empty, so I haven't any idea if the New No. 1 was a Farrington primer, which
was patented in 1872 and used by U.S.C. Co. for many years, or perhaps
a later style primer. That this tin is marked 'Adapted to Winchester Rifle &
Heavy Pistol Cartridges' might lead one to suspect that it may have actually
been made by Winchester sometime after 1926, the year that company purchased
U.S.C. Co., and continued producing their line of ammunition under the U.S.C.
Co. name. However, this is not likely the case, because the Winchester-made
ammunition used a New York address instead of Lowell, Mass.