General Info

Ordering Info

Contact us

Cartridge Lists
Patent & Miscellaneous
Rim Fire
Center Fire Pistol
Center Fire Rifle
Metric Rimfire, Pistol&Rifle
British Pistol and Rifle
Shotgun Shells
Cartridge Boxes & Related


This Month's Picture Page

Index to Picture Pages

Prior Picture Pages:
 * September 2003
* October 2003
* November 2003
* December 2003                                * January 2004
* February 2004
* March 2004
* April 2004
* May 2004
* June 2004
* July 2004
* August 2004
* September 2004
* October 2004
* November 2004
* December 2004
* January 2005
* February 2005
* March 2005
* April 2005
* May 2005
* June 2005
* July 2005
* August 2005
* September 2005
* October 2005
* November 2005
* December 2005
* January 2006
* February 2006
* March 2006
* April 2006
*May 2006
*June 2006
*July 2006
*August 2006
*September 2006
*October 2006
*November 2006
*December 2006
*January 2007
*February 2007
*March 2007
*April 2007
*May 2007
*June 2007
*July 2007
*August 2007
*September 2007
*October 2007
*November 2007
*December 2007
*January 2008
*February 2008
*March 2008
*April 2008
*May 2008
*June 2008
*July 2008
*August 2008
*September 2008
*October 2008
*November 2008
*December 2008
*January 2009
*February 2009
*March 2009
*April 2009
*May 2009
*June 2009
*July 2009
*August 2009
*September 2009
*October 2009
*November 2009
*December 2009
*January 2010
*February 2010
*March 2010
*April 2010
*May 2010
*June 2010
*July 2010
*August 2010
*September 2010
*October 2010
*November 2010
*December 2010
*January 2011
*February 2011
*March 2011
 There are no picture pages

for April thru June 2011
*July 2011
*August 2011
*September 2011
*October 2011
*November 2011
*December 2011
*January 2012
*February 2012
*March 2012
*April 2012
*May 2012
*June 2012
*July 2012
*August 2012

 *September 2012
*October 2012
*November 2012
*December 2012
*January 2013
*February 2013
*March 2013
*April 2013
*May 2013
*June 2013
*July 2013
*August 2013
*September 2013
*October 2013
*November 2013
*December 2013
*January 2014
*February 2014
Links to Other Sites     

Cartridge Collectors Organizations:

Auction Arms
Ward's Collectibles
Sold USA

Armory Publications
WCF Publications

Other Collector's Sites:
Curtis Steinhauer


Home of the Old Ammo Guy's Virtual Cartridge Trading Table

Picture Page

March 2014

A box of J. Bushnell Smith 2R-22/3000 primed shells...

Here's a box of 2R Lovell, or .22-3000 'Improved' which was sold by J.B. Smith, a Middlebury Vermont hand loader and gunsmith. J. Bushnell Smith who custom loaded large quantities of this cartridge using cases produced for him by Winchester Repeating Arms Co. The patent number (2,009,556) on the box label was for an improvement in priming mixtures for small arms ammunition issued July 30, 1935 to Joseph McNutt and assigned to Winchester; it covers a specific non-corrosive priming mixture of the non-mercuric type.

The head stamp on the cases is J. B. Smith  -2R-. The 2R in the head stamp refers to the second reamer ground by gunsmith M. S. Risley in an effort to produce an improved .22 Lovell (or .22-3000) case for Harvey Donaldson, the developer of the original cartridge. This second reamer resulted in a blown-out case with a higher, sharper shoulder. J. B. Smith died in 1948 in a fire at his gun shop.

The patent number (2,009,556) on the box label is for the priming mixture used in the primers, and was assigned to Winchester.

Winchester also made primed .22-3000 cases for Griffin & Howe, which were packed in similar tan two-piece boxes. The head stamps in this box are G & H   22-3000.



The cartridge cases are quite similar, and I doubt that I would be able to tell one from the other without looking at the head stamps. As can be seen in this comparison photo, the 2R case as a slightly sharper angle shoulder than the 22-3000, resulting in the necked portion of the case being a little longer.

An in-depth discussion of the history and differences between these cartridges occured a while ago on the International Ammunition Association's cartridge forum; it can be found here:

The following is Julian Hatcher's account of the circumstances of Smith's death:

The Bushnell Smith Case

J. Bushnell Smith was a well-known gunsmith and custom ammunition loader,
who had a residence with an adjoining 4 room frame shop at Weybridge,
Vermont. At 11 a.m. on July 16, 1948, I received a wire from his father stating
that Bushnell Smith had died in a fire at his shop at about l0 that forenoon. I
phoned the Director of Public Safety of Vermont and asked him to let me know
what had happened when his men had finished their investigation. A short time
later he phoned me stating that his investigators were "on the ropes," and inviting
me to come and see for myself and help his men find out the answers. The Chief
Fire Marshal of the State met my plane at Burlington and I was at the scene of
the fire by 6 p. m., with still some daylight left.

Smith's body was found in the lathe room of his shop, in or near the doorway to
a room where he had five 150 lb. cans of surplus small arms powder stored, or
7so Ibs. altogether. The shelves in another room were stacked with 20 lb., 5 lb.,
and I lb. cans of various kinds of small arms powder, and a shed against the wall
contained large drums of kerosene or fuel oil. It is needless to point out that the
powder in such quantities should have been in a magazine.

Smith had been adjusting a trigger mechanism which had been giving him
premature discharges, and a few moments before the accident had been firing
through an open window at a target in the woods behind the shop. The rifle, a
.30-06, was found under his body.

From a careful evaluation of all the evidence it became apparent that Smith
had had an accidental discharge, and that the bullet had gone through the open
door into the next room and into one of the 1 so-lb. cans of rifle powder, which
had ignited instantly and had set off the other 4 cans. The resulting burst of
flame through the open door had simply cooked Smith before he could move,
and had dropped him in his tracks.

Other members of his household phoned the fire department, which arrived
about l; minutes later. At that time loaded cartridges were popping off, and they
were rather afraid to go near, but in spite of that fact they quickly got two streams
of water on the fire, and extinguished it with much of the shop still standing.

An examination of the rooms where the powder was stored revealed no sign of
any explosion. The powder cans were mostly split open along the seam or
bulged, but the only damage to the building was from fire.

Smith used a large number of primers in his reloading operations, and the room
where he died had the shelves stacked with them, in the original containers, just
as they came from the maker. Some of the shelves containing the primers had
burned through and collapsed, and the packages were charred, but apparently
none of the primers had gone off, indicating that as they are packed for sale to
hand-loaders, they do not constitute a hazard.

Julian S Hatcher, Hatchers Notebook. 3rd ed. 1966.